Shared from the 8/15/2019 The Denver Post eEdition By Jennifer A. Dlouhy Bloomberg News
The Trump administration is readying a plan to end direct federal regulation of methane leaks from oil and gas facilities, even as some energy companies insist they don’t want the relief.
A draft proposal from the Environmental Protection Agency would prevent the federal government from restricting emissions of that potent greenhouse gas from oil wells and infrastructure, despite fears that time is running out to avert catastrophic consequences of climate change.
The White House is finishing its review of the EPA plan, which was described by people familiar with the matter who asked not to be named ahead of a formal announcement that is expected within weeks.
The proposal threatens to undermine the oil industry’s sales pitch that natural gas is a climate-friendly source of electricity — a cleaner-burning alternative to coal that can help power an energy-hungry world for decades to come. Dozens of oil companies have made voluntary pledges to keep methane in check, and some have warned the Trump administration that federal regulation is essential for natural gas to maintain that reputation.
“Stakeholder confidence in natural gas is hanging by the thread, and the EPA is pulling out the scissors with this methane rollback,” said Ben Ratner, a senior director with the Environmental Defense Fund.
More than 60 oil and gas companies have made voluntary commitments to pare emissions of methane, the chief ingredient of natural gas, although some of them insist federal regulation is still essential for the highly fragmented industry. For instance, BP and Royal Dutch Shell executives said in March they favor regulation of the industry’s methane emissions, with BP asserting that voluntary actions by a handful of companies “are not enough.”
“Industry gets it,” said David Hayes, a former Interior Department official who leads the State Energy and Environmental Impact Center at New York University School of Law. “They recognize that this is a tremendous liability.”
The oil and gas industry is the leading industrial source of methane, which can escape from pipelines, sneak out of compressor stations and be vented from wells as a byproduct. Although methane accounts for about 10% of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions, it’s been blamed for up to a quarter of the planet’s warming because it has more than 84 times the heat-trapping potential of carbon dioxide the first two decades after entering the atmosphere.
The EPA’s plan to walk away from regulating methane dovetails with other administration efforts to ease limits on emissions from power plants and automobiles. Critics cast the proposal as a part of a broad Trump retreat from the global fight against climate change.
The Obama administration targeted the oil industry’s methane emissions in 2016, by requiring energy companies to frequently seek and plug leaks. Other U.S. requirements also acted to pare methane emissions but did so indirectly, by targeting other, conventional pollutants or seeking to stop the waste of natural gas extracted from federal lands.
Those mandates on new wells triggered a legal requirement that the EPA also regulate methane emissions from existing oilfield infrastructure — including more than a million wells on private land. Those existing wells make up the vast majority of the sector’s methane leaks.
The EPA is planning to justify its move by treating parts of the oil and gas industry — such as production from individual wells and natural gas transmission — as distinct, separate segments, then arguing that the methane emissions associated with them don’t merit regulation, according to the people familiar with the proposal.
Colorado was the first state in the country to regulate methane emissions from oil and gas sites, and state officials have said the rules, which apply to state and private lands, will remain in effect despite changes in federal laws. A new state law that revamps oil and gas regulations will require the state to to further tighten controls on methane emissions.
— Denver Post staff writer Judith Kohler contributed to this report.