Drought, pandemic and neglect create a disaster in southern Madagascar
By Laetitia Bezain
The Associated Press
ANKILIMAROVAHATSY, MADAGASCAR » “It’s the hunger that killed him,” the grieving mother said.
In this village in Madagascar’s extreme south, the 31-year-old Lasinatry lost her 3year-old boy in June as hunger swept the region, more severe than in recent years.
“We, the parents, have nothing to feed our children aside from tamarind and the cactus that we find around us,” she said.
On a visit this week, The Associated Press spoke with suffering families who are among the 1.5 million people in need of emergency food assistance, according to the U.N. World Food Program. It’s a consequence of three straight years of drought, along with historic neglect by the government of the remote region as well as the COVID-19 pandemic.
Mothers are now trying to feed their children with unripe mangoes, and with tama- rind mixed with clay. Many children have the spindly legs, reddish hair and pot bellies of malnourishment. Tired, they rest under trees and no longer play.
After reports emerged of at least eight children dying, the president of this Indian Ocean island nation, Andry Rajoelina, visited the region and vowed to “win the war against malnutrition.”
Some food has been distributed, but the WFP said it’s not enough and residents said the handouts last just a few days. The WFP said it has enough supplies to help just a half-million people through the end of this year Southern Madagascar is on the brink of a humanitarian disaster, the U.N. agency said, and three out of four children in the Amboasary district at the epicenter of the crisis have left school to help their parents find food.
Farmers said they can no longer cultivate because of lack of rain, and they have given up cattle farming because of theft. Some villagers said they have sold their most basic possessions — cooking pots, clothes, school notebooks — for food.
Some people now cut down trees to make charcoal, acknowledging that worsens the drought but saying they have no choice if they want to survive.
One mother, Toharano, said four of her 14 children died in June and July.
“Who can support not eating in the morning, midday and night?” she asked, exhausted by hunger and the heat. “The children wake in the night, hungry.”
The names of the dead are kept in a notebook held by the village leader, Refanampy.
“We’re used to famine, but this time it’s just too much,” he said. “Before this, we didn’t have people dying (of hunger) in our village.”
“Residents have no more resources to allow them to face this crisis,” said Theodore Mbainaissem with WFP, who said the extent of the hunger caught humanitarians and authorities by surprise.